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Anesthesia and Pain Medicine 2007;2(3):117-121.
Published online July 31, 2007.
Pneumothorax after Interventional Muscle and Soft Tissue Stimulation Therapy : A case report
Young Taek Kim, Byung Soon Park, Ji Keun Ryu, Byung Jun Lee
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Dongkang Hospital, Ulsan, Korea.
Pneumothorax is the presence of gas in the pleural space. Traumatic pneumothorax results from penetrating or nonpenetrating chest injuries and iatrogenic pneumothorax occurs as a consequence of a diagnostic or therapeutic maneuver. When interventional muscle and soft tissue stimulation (IMNS) therapy is performed, iatrogenic pneumothorax is not common, but once it has occurred, it gives suffering and pain to both the patient and physician. We experienced three cases of iatrogenic pneumothorax after IMNS therapy. Commonly, the patients with peumothorax are treated with a tube thoracostomy on admission, but these patients can be simply treated with simple observation, oxygen inhalation and simple aspiration without admission and the results are satisfactory. Although iatogenic pneumothorax after IMNS therapy appears to be an rare, IMNS procedure still must be done with care.
Key Words: interventional, muscule, and, soft, tissue, stimulation, pneumothorax

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